برآورد تمایل به پرداخت برای ایجاد و استفاده از خدمات باغ‌های اجتماعی در شهرستان کرج

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 مربی دانشگاه جامع علمی کاربردی

2 دانشیار دانشگاه شهید بهشتی،تهران،ایران.

3 استاد دانشگاه شهید بهشتی،تهران،ایران.

4 دانشیاردانشگاه شهید بهشتی،تهران،ایران.

10.22034/iaes.2022.547728.1912

چکیده

باغ اجتماعی قطعه زمینی که در منطقه شهری توسط گروهی از مردم مورد کشت و شهروندان در آن به باغبانی مشغول می‌شوند. یکی از راه‌های حفظ باغ‌ها و فضای سبز شهری، تبدیل آنها به باغ اجتماعی است. ایجاد، حفظ و توسعه باغ‌ اجتماعی برای دولت دشوار و هزینه‌بر بوده و نیاز به مشارکت مردم دارد. در همین راستا سنجش و ارزیابی میزان مشارکت مردم در تامین هزینه‌های نگهداری و استفاده از خدمات باغ اجتماعی بسیار حایز اهمیت است. در این تحقیق، تمایل به پرداخت افراد برای احداث و استفاده از باغ اجتماعی در شهر کرج با استفاده از روش ارزش گذاری مشروط و تکنیک انتخاب دوگانه دو بعدی برآورد شد. برای بررسی عوامل موثر بر تمایل به پرداخت خانوارها از الگوی لاجیت و روش برآوردحداکثر راستنمایی استفاده شد. داده‌های مورد نیاز این تحقیق از طریق تکمیل پرسشنامه توسط 183 نفر از سرپرستان خانوار شهر کرج در سال 1400-1399 گردآوری شد. نتایج مدل لاجیت نشان داد که متغیرهای تحصیلات با اثرنهایی 09/0، تفریح و گردش با اثرنهایی 003/0، علاقه‌مندی به عضویت در سازمان‌های محیط زیستی با اثرنهایی 34/0 و تعداد اعضای خانوار با اثر نهایی 064/0 و قیمت پیشنهادی با اثر نهایی000008/0 - اثرات معنی‌داری بر تمایل به پرداخت افراد پاسخگودارند. نتایج مطالعه نشان داد که متوسط تمایل به پرداخت ماهانه هر خانواده 111 هزار تومان برای بهره‌برداری از خدمات باغ اجتماعی است که این مبلغ می‌تواند یک منبع درآمد پایدار برای شهرداری و سایر دستگاههای ذیربط بوده و همچنین باعث حفظ و توسعه باغ‌ها و فضای سبز شهری شود.

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