ارزیابی عوامل مؤثر بر پذیرش راهکارهای کشاورزی هوشمند به اقلیم با تأکید بر ویژگی‌های سرمایه اجتماعی و روانشناختی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری اقتصاد کشاورزی دانشگاه آزاد مرودشت

2 دانشیار اقتصاد کشاورزی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد مرودشت

3 عضو هیأت علمی دانشگاه آزاد واحد شیراز

10.22034/iaes.2022.538025.1859

چکیده

در سال­های اخیر، تغییر اقلیم منجر به کاهش تولید و درآمد محصولات کشاورزی شده است. کشاورزان در ایران نیز در برابر حوادث اقلیمی مانند خشکسالی و کاهش منابع آب بسیار آسیب‌پذیر هستند. علیرغم افزایش آسیب‌پذیری و فقر کشاورزان در نتیجه گسترش تغییرات اقلیمی، استراتژی‌های هوشمند به اقلیم ​​به اندازه کافی توسط کشاورزان ایرانی عملیاتی نشده است. در این راستا، در مطالعه حاضر عوامل مؤثر بر اتخاذ استراتژی‌های هوشمند به اقلیم در استان فارس ارزیابی شد. داده‌ها از روش نمونه­گیری خوشه­ای چندمرحله‏ای با تکمیل پرسشنامه از 443 کشاورز طی سال‌های 99-1398 در منطقه رامجرد در استان فارس جمع‌آوری شد. بر این اساس، استراتژی‌های اتخاذ شده هوشمند به اقلیم در سه گروه استراتژی‌های مدیریت مواد مغذی و آب، استراتژی‌های حفظ و تقویت باروری خاک و ترکیب این دو استراتژی تقسیم­بندی و مدل لاجیت چندگزینه­ای برای بررسی عوامل موثر بر پذیرش این استراتژی­ها برآورد گردید. نتایج نشان داد که ویژگی­های روانشناختی مانند اعتقاد به وجود تغییرات اقلیمی و درک خطرات آن بر مشارکت کشاورزان در استراتژی‌های هوشمند به اقلیم تأثیر مثبت و معنی­دار دارند. در رابطه با متغیرهای سرمایه اجتماعی، متغیر اعتماد به مردم تأثیر منفی و معناداری بر مشارکت کشاورزان در استراتژی­های سازگاری دارد. همچنین، متغیر مشارکت اعضای خانواده در فعالیت­های اجتماعی تأثیر مثبت و معناداری بر احتمال اتخاذ هر سه نوع استراتژی‌های هوشمند به اقلیم ​​داشت. از طرفی، کشاورزان جوانتر با دسترسی بیشتر به اعتبارات و مشارکت بالاتر در گروه‌های اجتماعی و همچنین آگاهی بیشتر و درک بالاتر خطر نسبت به تغییرات اقلیمی تمایل بیشتری به اتخاذ استراتژی‌های هوشمند به اقلیم ​​دارند. مزارع بزرگ­تر و درآمد بیشتر مزراع تضمین کننده مشارکت کشاورزان در اتخاذ استراتژی‌های کشاورزی هوشمند به اقلیم در منطقه است. علاوه بر این، کشاورزانی که استراتژی‌های هوشمند به اقلیم را دیرتر پذیرفته‌اند، تمایل کمتری به اجرای استراتژی‌های مدیریت مواد مغذی و آب خواهند داشت. 

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